БУДУЩЕЕ ЕСТЬ! Print E-mail
Журнал «АгроКуб» (выпуск 1 – 2 (11-12) 2013 г.

Нынешняя зима вступила в свои права сразу и весьма круто – морозы на всей территории нашей огромной страны зашкаливали. Досталось и соседям, как ближним, так и дальним.
Кутаясь в «пуховички» с наполнителем неизвестного происхождения, ощущая зябкую прохладу кофточек из 100% полиэстера, большинство наших сограждан с ностальгией вспоминали теплые и гипоаллергенные совдеповские свитера, шарфы из шерсти, платки из пуха… и, конечно же, дубленки и шубы из овчины. Сия продукция была во всех магазинах и по карману практически каждому, ибо овец выращивали в большинстве колхозов и совхозов. Численность данной категории животных в начале 80-х годов составляла 67 млн. голов, а вся производимая в стране шерсть – от тонкой до грубой - была востребована отечественной текстильной и легкой промышленностью, впрочем как и остальная продукция отрасли в виде овчин и смушек.
Каково же сейчас положение дел в овцеводстве? Дышит ли оно на ладан или уже наконец-то вздохнуло полной грудью, более-менее оправившись от перестроечных потрясений и проводившихся, якобы, во благо экспериментов?
Эти и многие другие вопросы были рассмотрены в рамках научно-практической конференции Национального союза овцеводов «Динамика развития овцеводства и козоводства в свете отраслевой целевой программы», которая прошла с 5 по 7 декабря на базе Ставропольского государственного аграрного университета, Ставропольского научно-исследовательского института сельского хозяйства и СПК «Племзавод Вторая Пятилетка» Ипатовского района.



The article has been taken from the newspaper “Selskaya zhizn’” № 22 (23732) of March 29, 2012. 

The article deals with two essential points – the domestic wool market and domestic processing capacities. The Director General of National Association of Sheep Breeders Mikhail Egorov points out that the positive changes in the branch are obvious and the branch itself is more attractive for investors now. Nowadays the circumstances of global and domestic market, as well, let the commodity producers increase the profitability of the branch by means of management improving. As to the future, the focus on selective and breeding work must result in the high-quality and competitive production. 

But for the maintenance of current price dynamics a profound global and domestic markets’ intelligence is necessary. The second inevitable point is support of positive resulting methods in the given breeding production by means of wider usage of science, cutting-edge experience, domestic and foreign genetics as well.  

Next Mikhail Egorov comments on the question about the influence of National Association of Sheep Breeders on the last year price rates on the domestic wool market, admitting the main role of the global market growth’s influence but mentioning the Association’s advertizing activity which included the presenting of new and already working processing enterprises, organizing of meetings and seminars for producers and processors, help in wool purchasing and selling. 

Mikhail Egorov notices that global price growth is a result of world wool supply reduction and simultaneous price growth of synthetic fleece. But Russian producers (even despite the same quality of wool) do not get the same price for their production as their Australian or New Zeeland counterparts do. The point is that low demand rate on the domestic market and lack of competition between the wool suppliers and primary processors and bad circumstances in the domestic light industry have a negative impact on the market development.  

As to the production volume, it should be mentioned that Russia produces more than 50 thousand tones of sheep wool with 70% share of merino wool. The fine wool share is 20% and the superfine one is less than 5%. The third part of common volume produced in Australia is superfine wool and its price is distinctly higher. 

For several years Russian wool has been exported to India, China, Bulgaria, Hungary and Byelorussia. Unfortunately, the volume of imported wool has been keeping the higher rate than the exported one over the last two years.  

The reason of such a state is a steady shortage in domestic 19 micron wool, which has been used by our worsted works for producing of VIP-fabric. It should be mentioned that after the appearance of a good price and profitable contracts the producers will be ready to present the parties of necessary wool type and, furthermore, they will be ready to correct their selective work in conformity with processors’ demand. As to the other wool types, their import could be fully substituted by the domestic production with no special investments.  

There are several ways to achieve it: quality increasing, using the high class animals in selective work, carrying out of the auctions, professional nurturing and the technological improving.  

According to the program of light industry development up to 2020 the supposed demand of textile for natural raw material is 55.7 thousand tones (c.w.) on the other hand according to the branch development program (“The Development of Sheep and Goat Breeding in Russia for the Period 2012-2014 and for the Period up to 2020”) the planned production volume increasing is 30-54.9 (c.w.). Hereout we may conclude that domestic producers are strong enough to meet the demand of light industry.   

And in connection with this point National Association of Sheep Breeders posed a question about the establishing of a direct interaction between domestic producers and processors. But it doesn’t mean we are going to refuse exporting.  

And the first step in this direction was the work trip to the Bryansky Worsted Works in February 2012. Our delegation saw a modern enterprise using the state-of-the-art equipment. Its production volume is 1300 tones weaving yarn, 200 tones knitted fabric and 3.5 million meters of pure woolen and not pure woolen fabric.  

After the excursion a discussion dedicated to the forming of a common collaboration scheme occurred. Of course it was hard to pose this question for the first time and we hope that next discussions will be more productive but we came to the necessity of direct individual agreements between producers and processors.  

Despite all the problems the works had we figured out the main point – the enterprise was able to work, it was viable.  

Mikhail Egorov also noticed that he had been invited to take part in the discussion dedicated to the functioning of Russian textile and light industry within the frames of WTO. Some attendants raised their concerns about the growing volume of unfair declared fabric when importing, while the domestic works had to produce just for storing. It was also declared that Russia had no domestic wool at all and would by fabric made of Australian or Argentinean wool. But I think the situation is not so bad and we could use the USA’s experience as a pattern. The point is that in USA there is a prohibition of usage of not domestic yarn and fabric for needs of Defense Procurement and Acquisition (except approved by Congress). Such an approach would be also well-timed in Russia.  

The last essential point of the article is the 14th Russian exhibition of stud sheep. According to Egorov the exhibition will take place in the main city of Kalmyk Republic – Elista (22-25 May 2012).

The exhibition is timed to the centenary of the first Russian sheep exhibition of 1912.  

The exhibition must become an open place for the dialog between sheep breeders and scientists.

The Newsletter №9. Print E-mail
  The article's title is "The moving forward will gain momentum" and it is taken from the newspaper "Selskaya Zhizn" of December 15, 2011.

The article is mainly dedicated to the summing up of the expiring year. 

 Dr. Amerkhanov noticed that the results of the work depended on the different factors, which should be taken into the consideration, e.g. the demand for the production of the branch, prices for the production (and the world prizes as well), development of the related branches and of course the climatic parameters.  

 Speaking about the outcome Dr. Amerkhanov pointed out that the year was not only successful but also a turning point. The whole range of factors accounted for that and one of the crucial ones was the approving of the program "Development of sheep and goats breeding in Russia for the period 2012-2014 and for the period until 2020". The second point was the becoming of the first result of the domestic meat Merino breeding and the reinvigorating of the auctions on base of several stud farms, which, unfortunately, has been impossible for over the years. The rise of the purchasing prices for the Russian wool was also an important factor, which resulted in the growing interest of the agricultural producers upon the Merino breeding.

 The author dwells on the development of the sheep breeding branch. Dr. Amerkhanov pointed out that Russia had everything for the development of the sheep and goat breeding: 80 million ha of the disused natural hayfields, pastures and fallow lands and of course the necessary labor resource and high demand for the sheep meat. 

The main goal of the program is the recovering of the social infrastructure in the country by means of the increasing of the high quality sheep meat, wool, lambskin and milk production, which account for the standard rate of consumption in Russia. 

A mention should be made about the coming 2012 year. This year is considered to be a starting point of the development program implementing. It means Russia is to increase its sheep and goat livestock at 2.5 million heads, the production of the ram meat - at 26 thousand tones and wool production - at 9.4 thousand tones. Such grow would let Russia produce 336 thousand tones of ram meat and 19.5 thousand tones of goat meat. 

 A prominent role plays the scientific backing of the branch. Unfortunately, nowadays the stout connection of science and production has been lost.

The program itself is supposed to be implemented at the agricultural producers' cost. But it should be also mentioned that the state's part will be not secondary but the equal one. 

The author noticed that the second important point named by Dr. Amerkhanov was the creation of the domestic meat Merino breed. Dr. Amerkhanov stressed that it would be premature to speak about the ultimate result. But he pointed out that our breeders had got a "pattern Merino" after which they would be able to create a couple of flocks. The main goal is the creation of the domestic dual purpose Merino. 

The attention was also devoted to the questions of volumes increasing and technological development in the ram meat production, which would result in the higher economical efficiency of the branch. 

As the other crucial point was mentioned the necessity of the semen found establishing. It was mentioned that the question of the location and financing sources remained to be sorted out. 

Resuming the interview Dr. Amekhanov expressed his hope for the enhancing of the prestige of the sheep breeders' work in future and wished a successful wintering. 


Вестник Национального союза овцеводов Print E-mail

 6 октября 2011 года №72 (23686)


СПК «Племзавод Вторая Пятилетка» Ипатовского района Ставропольского края - хозяйство с богатой историей.
Несмотря на то, что сельхозпредприятие является многоотраслевым и занимается, как растениеводством, так и животноводством, общероссийскую известность ему принесло овцеводство.

ВЕСТНИК Национального союза овцеводов Print E-mail

 6 октября 2011 года №72 (23686)


Не так много в истории отечественного овцеводства, да и агропромышленного производства в целом, сельхозпредприятий, которые ведут свою историю с первых лет существования советской власти.
Слишком длинен оказался путь с тех далеких пор и до наших дней, слишком много было на нем рытвин и ухабов, изнуряющего труда и частнособственнических искушений.
В числе немногих, преодолевших все трудности и отметивших юбилейную дату своего существования – 90 лет - СПК племзавод «Восток» Степновского района Ставропольского края.

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