Conference In The Republic Of Khakassia

       On July 17, 2019 in the Republic of Khakassia, an interregional scientific and practical conference “Sheep and goat breeding in Siberia – the potential to increase the export component of the industry” was held. It was organized jointly by the National Association of sheep breeders and the Ministry of agriculture and food of the Republic of Khakassia.
The conference was attended by ministers of agriculture of different regions of Russia,  specialists of the National Association of sheep breeders, agribusiness management bodies of ten subjects of the Russian Federation, sheep farms; representatives of science and business.

      General Director of the National Association of sheep breeders M. V. Yegorov made a report at the Interregional scientific and practical conference “Sheep and goat breeding in Siberia – the potential to increase the export component of the industry”.
In his report, he cited data on the state of the sheep and goat industry in the Siberian and Far Eastern Federal districts, outlined the problems typical for the industry as a whole and for the regions of Siberia.
     In particular, he noted that almost 2 million villagers live in five regions of Siberia, which are characterized by the development of the industry. In the Republic of Altai it is 71% of the total population, in Tyva – more than 46%; In Altai Krai – 43%; Buryatia – 41%. The mountainous regions of Russia are vast territories rich in natural forage, where people were originally destined to engage in animal husbandry. The share of livestock products in the mountainous regions of the Siberian and Far Eastern Federal districts is quite high. At the same time, the most effective industry that determines the economy of farms is sheep and goat breeding.
     The number of sheep and goats in the two Federal districts of Siberia in 2018 amounted to 3 million heads:
     The Republic of Tuva – 1134.6 mln. Moreover, this region has not reduced, but increased the number by almost 12%;
     The Republic of Altai – 565.0 thousand sheep;
     Trans-Baikal Region – 496.2 thousand sheep and an increase of more than 6%.
     The export of lamb contributes to increasing the profitability of sheep farms in all categories. At the same time, the potential of the regions of Siberia in increasing the number of sheep is huge. Pastures alone Khakassia make up 1.5 million hectares.
Minister of agriculture of the Republic and his colleagues expressed readiness to develop sheep breeding on behalf of agricultural producers.
    As a result of the event, a resolution of the conference was adopted.


Shearing is close to its completion

   These days in livestock farms of Zabaykalsky Krai passes shearing campaign in sheep breeding.
 As of July 5, 2019, 124.3 thousand heads of sheep or about 53% of animals to the livestock available at the beginning of the shearing have been shorn in Zabaykalsky Krai.

    Only a few farms out of the 24 districts of Zabaykalsky Krai have finished the shearing.  


The Committee meeting

      The Republic of Kalmykia hosted an extended meeting of the Federation Council Committee on agrarian and food policy and environmental management. It discussed the issue "On the results of the implementation in 2018 of the State program for the development of agriculture and regulation of markets for agricultural products, raw materials and food for 2013-2020 and the challenges facing the agricultural sector in 2019".
        Opening the meeting, the Chairman of the Committee Alexei Mayorov said:
      "Today, the agro-industrial complex occupies one of the leading places in the economy of the country, its size and volume are comparable with the defense industry. The President sets tasks for us in export. Today we export agricultural products for 25 billion rubles, but we need to bring this figure to 45 billion."
       Deputy Minister of agriculture of the Russian Federation Ivan Lebedev noted:
     "We are concerned about the situation on cattle, the dynamics is reversed. This is a difficult area where we cannot achieve significant results and show serious dynamics of progress. Yesterday we discussed it at a working meeting. Batu Sergeyevich correctly pointed out to us those points of growth that are in Kalmykia, they are historically formed here. There is a whole range of enterprises that have been working with cattle genetics for a long time. There is a great potential that can be used as a basic Federal platform for the emergence of a powerful Center that covers a fairly extensive geography of regions and largely meets the needs. I think it will be a bright project, which, I emphasize, will have Federal significance," the Deputy said.
   In his speech, M. V. Yegorov described the situation in the field of sheep and goat breeding and the implementation of the planned indicators of the state program. He, in particular, noted that the planned indicators of the state program for the development of agriculture provides for an increase in the breeding stock of sheep and goats. In 2017, this figure was exceeded. In 2018, the industry was to reach the figure of 9 million 626 thousand heads. However, the overall decline in the number of affected and its uterine component. The target was not fulfilled for 9.2 thousand heads.
     At the same time, there is an increase in the productivity of animals in all breeds and areas of productivity. Production of sheep and goats for slaughter in live weight in 2018 increased in agricultural organizations by 107.6%; in farms – by 101.1%. All were produced 477,2 thousand tons of mutton. By 117% increased the production of sheep and goats for slaughter in live weight Karachay-Cherkessia, more than 106% TRANS-Baikal territory and Buryatia, 4.2% Dagestan.
     The production of sheep and goats for slaughter in slaughter weight has increased in all categories of farms, with the exception of households. In 2018, a total of 220.4 thousand tons were produced.
     Speaking of a significant reduction in the number of sheep, and with it a sharp jump in the price of lamb in the domestic market, it is worth bearing in mind that in 2018 significantly increased exports of lamb and live sheep.
     Live animals were exported 5 times more than in 2015 – 7 838.3 tons, lamb – 44 times more than a year earlier (2017).
M. V. Yegorov particularly focused on the moments that inhibit the development of the industry and the implementation of the planned indicators of the state program. Among the most significant is the land issue. The National Association of sheep breeders considers unacceptable the situation when the land is bought out without notifying its current user (tenant) of land, especially with the possibility of allocating such land almost anywhere.
      M. V. Yegorov dwelled on the role of industry unions in the development of breeding and agriculture in Russia as a whole.
According to M. V. Yegorov, it is necessary to unify the legislative base in livestock breeding with European and world standards, the subjects of breeding should determine: "producer – science – industry association".

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