The Winter Continues
    To date, the main task for livestock breeders in the Stavropol Territory is to properly conduct the wintering of livestock, while maintaining qualitative and quantitative indicators.
   "Of course, there are difficulties, but the food supply is used effectively. The rations have been adjusted in order to prevent overspending in the conditions of a shortage of feed, to preserve the livestock and get products," said Alexey Krisan, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Stavropol Territory.
   In general, in the region, 135 agricultural enterprises and 1,5 thousand farms entered the wintering of livestock. And this is 301 thousand heads of cattle and 1,5 million heads of sheep and goats. For additional purchase of feed in the regional Ministry of Agriculture, a register of potential suppliers has been prepared and applications from livestock breeders about the need for feed are being processed.
   Wintering of livestock in the Stavropol Territory in 2020-2021 takes place in difficult conditions. At its beginning, it was possible to prepare 87% of the feed from the need. Some farmers of the region began to buy some of the coarse feed from the very beginning of wintering, in addition to prepare concentrated feed. Since the beginning of 2021, livestock breeders have been supported by the state. To reduce the cost of feed, the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia has expanded the list of areas for the targeted use of concessional short-term loans.
   In addition, to support livestock production annually subsidies: in 2021 for the reimbursement of expenses for the production of wool obtained from fine and semi-fine sheep breeds – 100 million rubles for the reimbursement of expenses on the production of sheep and goats for slaughter (in live weight) – 18 million rubles on support of its own milk production – 149 million rubles, for the reimbursement of expenses to support livestock breeding – 172, 5 million rubles, for the reimbursement of expenses for the purchase of pedigree cattle – 244,7 million rubles.
 
Wintering Is A Crucial Period
   The livestock breeders of the Republic of Kalmykia continue a crucial period - the wintering of livestock. Taking into account the extremely unfavorable weather conditions that developed last year, in the form of a prolonged drought, as a result of which there was practically no grass on pastures, the wintering of livestock takes place in difficult conditions.
   According to the Ministry of Agriculture of the republic, the daily feed consumption has increased significantly. According to the operational data of the RMO agribusiness development departments, today there are more than 215.5 thousand tons of coarse and about 27 thousand tons of concentrated feed available in the republic as a whole. The percentage of availability of coarse feed in farms of all forms of ownership is 54% and end-feed 50%. The shortage of feed still persists, until the end of wintering, about 187 thousand tons of coarse and 17 thousand tons of concentrated feed are needed. Currently, farmers of the republic are actively buying feed, both at their own expense, and for the subsidies allocated to agricultural producers at the end of last year for drought. Feed is purchased both on the territory of the republic; it is mainly concentrated feed, which is available for sale in Gorodovikovsky, Yashaltinsky and Sarpinsky districts. As well as coarse and concentrated feed outside the republic in the economic entities of the Rostov, Volgograd, Astrakhan, Ryazan, Voronezh, Saratov regions, the Republics of Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, etc.
   At the end of the wintering of livestock, there is an equally important period ahead - the brood of the breeding stock of agricultural animals. In order to obtain healthy young animals, in the collectives of livestock teams these days, special attention is paid to feeding the breeding stock. This year, according to operational data, more than 258.0 thousand cows and more than 900.0 thousand sheep are planned to be bred in agricultural organizations and peasant farms.
 
"Rus-1"
Vitaly Kulinich knows almost everything about goat breeding, in particular about raising goats of the Zaanen breed. And so it is confidently expanding production. In the near future, the head of the peasant (farmer) farm is preparing to open a farm for 150 heads of breeding goats, of which 50 have already been purchased and give milk.PHOTO-2021-01-19-09-36-05-5.jpg
    But Vitaly Kulinich began his farming history much earlier – in 2000, in LLC "KH "Rus-1", where he studied goat breeding under his father, the founder of the enterprise. Then the farm only produced milk. Much later, in 2012, Vitaly Alexandrovich organized a separate KH and within the framework of the target program "Support for novice farmers in the Stavropol Territory" received a grant in the amount of 1 million 250 thousand rubles. With this money, the farmer purchased a cheese production line, a thermal van, a milk storage machine and equipment for packing cheese.
   In 2018, Vitaly Kulinich became the winner in the competitive selection for the grant for the second time. The amount of 9 million rubles was allocated as an addition to Kulinich's personal funds, which, according to the business plan, were used for the construction of premises for keeping goats, modernization of the milk processing plant and the purchase of breeding animals in the amount of 50 heads.
   In 2020, 397 tons of goat's milk were processed. From pasteurized goat's milk get whole milk, fermented milk, yoghurt, cheese and from the whey that remains after making other cheeses, cooked curd cheese "Ricotta". Of course, the cost of such cheese is high, but Vitaly Kulinich is currently looking for ways to increase production and make products from goat's milk more accessible to the population.
   According to the Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Stavropol Territory Alexey Krisan, there are about 30 thousand goats in all categories of farms in the region, including 2.3 thousand heads in the agricultural complex. Agricultural organizations produced 1,246 tons of goat's milk in 2020, and subsidies were paid to reimburse part of the costs of supporting their own milk production. Compensation was provided to LLC "KH "Rus-1" in the amount of 243.6 thousand rubles, LLC "Goat Dairy Complex "Nadezhdensky" in the amount of 1,14 million rubles.
 
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