Wintering Is A Crucial Period
   The livestock breeders of the Republic of Kalmykia continue a crucial period - the wintering of livestock. Taking into account the extremely unfavorable weather conditions that developed last year, in the form of a prolonged drought, as a result of which there was practically no grass on pastures, the wintering of livestock takes place in difficult conditions.
   According to the Ministry of Agriculture of the republic, the daily feed consumption has increased significantly. According to the operational data of the RMO agribusiness development departments, today there are more than 215.5 thousand tons of coarse and about 27 thousand tons of concentrated feed available in the republic as a whole. The percentage of availability of coarse feed in farms of all forms of ownership is 54% and end-feed 50%. The shortage of feed still persists, until the end of wintering, about 187 thousand tons of coarse and 17 thousand tons of concentrated feed are needed. Currently, farmers of the republic are actively buying feed, both at their own expense, and for the subsidies allocated to agricultural producers at the end of last year for drought. Feed is purchased both on the territory of the republic; it is mainly concentrated feed, which is available for sale in Gorodovikovsky, Yashaltinsky and Sarpinsky districts. As well as coarse and concentrated feed outside the republic in the economic entities of the Rostov, Volgograd, Astrakhan, Ryazan, Voronezh, Saratov regions, the Republics of Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, etc.
   At the end of the wintering of livestock, there is an equally important period ahead - the brood of the breeding stock of agricultural animals. In order to obtain healthy young animals, in the collectives of livestock teams these days, special attention is paid to feeding the breeding stock. This year, according to operational data, more than 258.0 thousand cows and more than 900.0 thousand sheep are planned to be bred in agricultural organizations and peasant farms.
Vitaly Kulinich knows almost everything about goat breeding, in particular about raising goats of the Zaanen breed. And so it is confidently expanding production. In the near future, the head of the peasant (farmer) farm is preparing to open a farm for 150 heads of breeding goats, of which 50 have already been purchased and give milk.PHOTO-2021-01-19-09-36-05-5.jpg
    But Vitaly Kulinich began his farming history much earlier – in 2000, in LLC "KH "Rus-1", where he studied goat breeding under his father, the founder of the enterprise. Then the farm only produced milk. Much later, in 2012, Vitaly Alexandrovich organized a separate KH and within the framework of the target program "Support for novice farmers in the Stavropol Territory" received a grant in the amount of 1 million 250 thousand rubles. With this money, the farmer purchased a cheese production line, a thermal van, a milk storage machine and equipment for packing cheese.
   In 2018, Vitaly Kulinich became the winner in the competitive selection for the grant for the second time. The amount of 9 million rubles was allocated as an addition to Kulinich's personal funds, which, according to the business plan, were used for the construction of premises for keeping goats, modernization of the milk processing plant and the purchase of breeding animals in the amount of 50 heads.
   In 2020, 397 tons of goat's milk were processed. From pasteurized goat's milk get whole milk, fermented milk, yoghurt, cheese and from the whey that remains after making other cheeses, cooked curd cheese "Ricotta". Of course, the cost of such cheese is high, but Vitaly Kulinich is currently looking for ways to increase production and make products from goat's milk more accessible to the population.
   According to the Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Stavropol Territory Alexey Krisan, there are about 30 thousand goats in all categories of farms in the region, including 2.3 thousand heads in the agricultural complex. Agricultural organizations produced 1,246 tons of goat's milk in 2020, and subsidies were paid to reimburse part of the costs of supporting their own milk production. Compensation was provided to LLC "KH "Rus-1" in the amount of 243.6 thousand rubles, LLC "Goat Dairy Complex "Nadezhdensky" in the amount of 1,14 million rubles.
Work With The Soul And With The Mind
   Deputy Prime Minister of Buryatia – Minister of Agriculture and Food Galsan Dareev made a series of trips to the regions of the republic.
   The agenda of the visit included a number of livestock camps. One of the first farm Elena Ayusheeva in S. Shebartuy. The farm is engaged in breeding cattle, sheep and horses. This year over a five-year period of the grant, so it was important to see what has been done during this period. Elena and her parents – bedding Libertucci. After graduating from BSU, she returned to her native village and started farming. A farm and a cattle barn were built on an empty site, two wells were drilled, and residential buildings were built. The food supply is sufficient and in general, the year was productive. However, such a rosy situation, according to Deputy Chairman Dareev, is not everywhere. An important issue is the effectiveness of the funds invested by the state.
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   "In the Bichursky district there are hardworking people who work with the soul, and most importantly with the mind. However, this is not the case everywhere. Today we observe the situation in the republic as a whole, when many people are engaged in agriculture without skill. They get a grant, open a farm, and close it after five years. I have a list of farmers in 2013 who received a subsidy and continue to work. This is right, we will support such people, because the industry is based on them. But in turn, you need to work effectively, show growth rates, increase productivity, production volumes, acreage, i.e., if you go only to receive subsidies, this is the wrong approach", Galsan Dareyev stressed.
   Sergey Afanasyev has been engaged in farming for almost 30 years. He was the first to start cooperation with Miratorg in 2018. Today, according to him, there are no problems with the sale of products. A retail outlet and processing point in Ulan-Ude has been opened. The products are produced under the brand name "Meat Baron".
   In general, 11 agricultural enterprises, 92 peasant farms, 9286 private farms, 2 consumer cooperatives, 19 processing and food organizations work in the agro-industrial complex of the district.
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